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Elder Berry
Sambucus nigra

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Plant It

This plant is remarkably one of the most valued plants on this list, due to its berry production and ecological benefits. Although the berries, leaves and stems are toxic if uncooked and prepared correctly they make wonderful teas, syrups, and jellies. These recipes actually provide some health benefits. This plant has a significant health benefits being high in vitamin C, Zinc, Vitamin D which can improve you immune system and reduce inflammation. If you plan on planting this kind of plant on you property then you will need to plant it within light shade, or full sun. The plant also prefers moderately moist and fertile soils nothing similar to marsh  or sandy, which, is prone to drought. Ecologically this plant will also attract lots of wildlife with it's berries including deer and a variety of bird species.   

Identification: Minnesota Wildflowers
  • Leaves are compound with 5-11 leaflets, commonly 7, and pointed at the tip
  • ​The white flowers are small and in dense clusters. 
  • The bark changes as the plant ages, younger branches will dark brown circular spots (lentils), and older (2 years or older) branches will have Light colored lines (furrows) running down the stem.
​Additional Resources:
  • Planting and Cultivating (NRCS)
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